Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that affects your ability to function. Although the condition causes visible difficulties in everyday life, symptoms vary in children and can be challenging to identify.
This article discusses common ADHD signs in children and adults and tips for living with the condition.
ADHD Signs in Children
ADHD primarily causes symptoms related to hyperactivity-impulsivity, inattention, or a combination of both. In children or toddlers with ADHD, this can result in symptoms such as:
● Issues focusing on activities and getting distracted
● Low attention span while playing or doing schoolwork
● Constantly needing movement or running around.
● Squirming or having trouble sitting still
ADHD Symptoms in Teenagers
As children affected with ADHD, the symptoms they experience may change into the following:
● Difficulty focusing on schoolwork
● Frequently making mistakes at work
● Trouble with task organization and time management
● Trouble completing tasks, especially schoolwork and chores
● Trouble navigating social and familial relationships
ADHD Signs in Adults
In adults, ADHD symptoms can vary from those in children and adolescents due to differences in responsibilities. Adults tend to experience:
● Difficulty passing classes or completing work
● Issues at college or work
● Substance abuse issues, especially involving alcohol
● Relationship issues with partners, co-workers, or family.
● Frequent accidents or injuries
● Issues with self-esteem
Signs of ADHD in Women and Girls
According to some researchers, ADHD is roughly four times as prevalent in males than in females. An article published in BMC Psychiatry also noted that females often experience a mix of inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms, many of which are less severe than their male counterparts.
Other notable differences in ADHD symptoms for women and girls include:
● Increased difficulties with emotional regulation and mood changes
● Increased chances of severe social problems, especially with bullying
Living With ADHD
If you’ve gotten an ADHD diagnosis, the following treatment options can help you reduce your symptoms and help you function better:
Behavioral therapy is used to deal with ADHD in children and adolescents. It involves parent training, classroom management, and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)
Medications such as psychostimulants, antidepressants, and mood stabilizers can be combined with behavioral therapy to manage ADHD symptoms in children and adults.
ADHD is a neurodevelopmental condition that causes individuals to experience inattention, hyperactivity-impulsivity, or both. With proper diagnosis and treatment, you can limit ADHD symptoms and help you live comfortably.