7 Common Causes of Middle Back Pain


Have you ever felt some pain between your upper and lower back? That’s what health experts call middle back pain. In the real sense, it’s an irritation within the muscles and the vertebrae which causes pain. Below are seven common causes of middle back pain among adults.

Poor Posture

Middle back discomfort is a common symptom of persistent spinal compression. Occasionally, this stress is caused by your poor posture. This is because slouching requires some ligaments and muscles to keep you balanced. When you overwork these muscles, you get some pain in your back.

Herniated Discs

Herniated discs occur when the soft inner core of a disk pushes through and outward against the harder outer ring of cartilage, putting pressure on the nerves that run through the spine. This is the source of the discomfort and tingling in the upper and lower limbs and the middle back.


Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease characterized by the breakdown of cartilage, which results in bone painfully rubbing against bone. Age is a major risk factor for the progressive joint damage that indicates this chronic condition, primarily affecting the elderly.

Increased pain, decreased mobility, increased instability, and the possible development of bone spurs are all symptoms of advanced stages of osteoarthritis.


As we get older, many changes occur in our bodies. Our bodies gradually break down, and we lose bone density, lean muscle, and the fluids that cushion our spinal joints. All these things can contribute to a dull ache in the middle of our backs. This is more common after age 50 than it is before then.

Muscle Sprains

You can get a muscle sprain or strain when flexing your back after a sudden movement. Muscle strains occur when your tendons and muscles are torn, while sprains involve your ligaments.

They’re common in people who frequently lift heavy objects, especially if they don’t know how to do it safely, to develop this condition. Seek medical attention if you’ve been lifting heavy objects recently or regularly and think you may have a muscle sprain or strain.


Middle back pain is one symptom of the many health problems associated with being overweight. Gaining extra pounds puts stress on our joints and bones, which can lead to excruciating pain if we’re already carrying around excess weight. Due to the strain placed on the spine, muscle strains, osteoarthritis, sprains, and vertebrae fractures are all possible outcomes of obesity.

Fall or Injury

Although less common, falling or sustaining an injury could cause mid-back pain. You may be experiencing discomfort due to a hard fall, blunt force trauma, recent car or sports accident. This sort of pain is called vertebrae fractures.